The Startups Building A Future Of Zero Fashion Waste

Guest Post by Lindsay Trombley

Never in the history of the planet has clothing been so cheap and so plentiful. On average, we’re buying five times as much clothing per person as we did thirty years ago. At the same time, average household spend on clothing has plummeted. So how is it that while other consumer prices have risen, clothing prices have dropped so sharply? 

The problem of overproduction in fashion

Over the past three decades, the global fashion supply chain has become ever more diffuse and opaque. As the supply chain has globalized, fashion brands’ ability to take advantage of cheap labor in developing markets has translated into a precipitous drop in clothing prices. Overseas garment factories are incentivized to keep their production lines operating as close to 100% utilization as possible, so they offer fashion brands extreme bulk discounts for booking large order quantity production runs. While it’s very expensive on a per-unit basis to produce 100 units of a single style, the per-unit price to produce 10,000 units is shockingly cheap. 

Most brands typically overproduce by 30-40%, and of the more than 100 billion new garments produced every year, 20% are never sold at all. 

In practical terms, this means it’s cheaper for fashion brands to overproduce—knowing they won’t sell through everything—than it is for them to produce smaller runs in quantities they know they can sell. Most brands typically overproduce by 30-40%, and of the more than 100 billion new garments produced every year, 20% are never sold at all. 

Meanwhile, the fashion industry produces about 10% of global carbon emissions globally—more than all international flights and maritime shipping combined. Given the volume of overproduction and waste, it’s clear that tackling these issues would make a huge impact in helping the industry reduce its carbon footprint.

Consumer behavior is changing in response to climate change

Consumer awareness about the climate impact of our various consumption habits is on the rise, and so is willingness to change individual behavior. Consumers say they’re reducing their plastic consumption and eating less meat. In a recent study conducted by the company, Wovn (of which the author is a founder), 99% of consumers said that it was at least somewhat important to them that their fashion choices be sustainable, and over half of them said they’re buying fewer clothes as a result.

Consumer awareness about the climate impact of our various consumption habits is on the rise, and so is willingness to change individual behavior.

The fashion industry is already in for a reckoning over COVID-19. Clothing spending has dropped sharply, and a wave of high-profile bankruptcies has ripped through the industry. If the industry doesn’t address its overproduction issues and adapt to changing consumer views on sustainability, many more brands are likely to fail. 

For a Columbia beauty salon, city’s assistance beings a revamped building and a new start | Columbia Business

COLUMBIA — First the COVID-19 shutdown closed a longtime beauty salon. Then, in the middle of a building renovation backed by city funds vandals broke in, damaging a wall and flooding part of the building.

Now Mary’s Beauty Salon, which has been at the corner of Millwood and Gervais for four decades, is completing repairs and renovation and looking to reopen before the end of the year. 

The revitalization of the property has been possible thanks to Columbia’s Commercial Retention and Redevelopment Program, which in recent years has been giving businesses forgivable loans to work on facades and other needed changes to improve appearances.

The most recent version of the program is focused on such areas as Gervais, Harden and Taylor streets near downtown. 

Why Columbia missed out on more March Madness hoops, closed IHOP gets new owner

In a decade of making facade grants, the city has spent more than $900,000 on more than 60 loans, according to the city website.

Businesses must maintain the work for at least two years after the project is complete in order to be eligible for the loan to be forgiven.

Joan Morton, co-owner of the building, said she spent more than $3,500 and the city put $25,000 into the work.

Former armory in downtown Columbia becoming boutique hotel

The completion of the renovation marks the end of a tough year for Morton and her business.

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Her mother who started the business, Mary Vance Norton, died in July. She wanted the business to reopen as a salon, and Joan Morton wanted it to remain in her mother’s name after her passing.

Even the new security bars have the initials “MS” for Mary’s Salon. 

“It will always carry her name,” Joan Morton said.

The exterior has been repainted and a new sign, with black type on a white background is in place. “We thought it looked more business-like,” Morton said. 

The renovation project first was slowed by the city, as coronavirus concerns caused a delay in funding. Then, in August, vandals damaged windows and a wall, also cutting the lines for the security system and water, which left some water on floors in part of the building. 

Nothing apparently was stolen by the intruders, and the water was limited. Still, the need for repairs pushed reopening back again.

Columbia mother, daughter educators changed lives. Then they died from COVID-19.

Now Morton is looking forward to getting open before 2020 ends, moving chairs and other equipment back into the beauty shop. Morton is considering hiring a second stylist to share the space with her 

While some equipment has been replaced, much of it will be the same equipment the small shop has used for two decades. 

“They don’t make it like they used to, and it still functions,” she said.

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How 5 women are working to turn a Seattle building into a place of healing for people leaving prison

Carolyn Presnell began serving her second, 15-month stint at the Washington Corrections Center for Women in October 2015, after pleading guilty to selling cocaine to an undercover Seattle cop, then leading police on a high-speed chase and crashing her car in Seattle’s Meadowbrook neighborhood.

Fast forward to today: Presnell is the director-in-waiting of the 1426 Project, a collaborative partnership of local nonprofits, governmental entities and corporate sponsors aimed at providing housing, jobs, treatment and therapy to people reentering the community after being incarcerated in state prisons or county jails.

The goal: reduce recidivism rates and combat homelessness and addiction by providing a one-stop shop to ease the transition of formerly incarcerated people into the community and offering them a space to heal from the trauma that led to their involvement in the criminal justice system.

It won’t be a drop-in center but instead a centralized resource center for people already receiving services or involved in programs offered by the city, county and nonprofit organizations. The idea is to provide wrap-around services to address the myriad barriers people with felony convictions face when they get out of prison.

“You have to have some skin in the game,” said Presnell of future clients who have already chosen to make a change in their lives, instead of being ordered by a judge to, say, undergo drug treatment. “You do your thing and we’ll give you everything we’ve got.”

But in order to integrate people back into the community, the community needs to be invited in, which is why the 1426 Project is also being envisioned as a public gathering place to discuss racial injustice, social inequities and criminal justice reform.

The project — which derives its name from the address of a four-story, 16,000-square-foot building at 1426 S. Jackson St. — is being propelled forward by Presnell and four other women, including a Seattle police officer, a retired physician, a family-law attorney and the co-owner of a local construction company.

The 1426 Project just launched a $3.5 million capital campaign to raise funds to renovate the building and cover the project’s first year of operations. Vulcan Real Estate, founded by the late Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen and his sister Jody Allen, has already pledged its support, as has Mike McCready, Pearl Jam’s lead guitarist. Vulcan and McCready declined to disclose how much they’ve contributed to Project 1426, which aims to be fully operational by late 2021.

“I can’t wait for it to open,” said Danielle Armbruster, the state Department of Corrections (DOC) assistant secretary for re-entry, who anticipates having a DOC transition specialist work out of the 1426 building one day a week. “I think it’s going to provide a holistic environment … to help individuals heal from trauma, heal their hearts, and overall have an easier transition back into the community.”

Built in 1906, the 1426 building started out as chicken rendering facility that was eventually turned into a nightclub and speakeasy before its most recent incarnation as a karate dojo.

The Gen-Z Founders of Topicals Are Building a Uniquely Mission-Driven Beauty Company

Claudia Teng and Olamide Olowe, co-founders of Topicals.

Claudia Teng and Olamide Olowe, co-founders of Topicals.

Photo: Courtesy of Topicals

How many times have you heard a CEO say that “capitalism is tied to oppression” in a conversation surrounding the launch of a brand? I’ve interviewed probably 100 or more brand founders and executives over the course of my career, and I’ll tell you: I’ve heard it once. From Olamide Olowe, the 23-year-old co-founder and CEO of Topicals, a new skin-care brand she founded with fellow 23-year-old Claudia Teng (who serves as the company’s CPO) that’s seeking to change the conversation around chronic skin conditions and democratize access to quality care for them. 

Even before its official launch in August of 2020, Topicals established itself as a different kind of beauty brand. On June 6, in the wake of George Floyd’s murder at the hands of police and amidst nationwide protests that saw law enforcement using extreme measures to subdue demonstrators, Topicals took to its social channels to share a thread about how to care for skin after being tear gassed. At a time when corporations — beauty and otherwise — were sharing empty platitudes, vague promises to start thinking about diversity and a barrage of black squares, Topicals had no time for that bullshit. It wanted to help people in a real, tangible way, and to do so through skin care.

Despite being in their early 20s, both founders brought years of experience to the business. Olowe co-created a beauty brand called SheaGIRL, which targeted tween consumers under parent company SheaMoisture, as an undergraduate student at UCLA. “I did that for two years, pitched to major retailers like Walmart, Target and Ulta, learned everything about how to build a brand for an underserved consumer,” she says. She also got a glimpse into the company’s mission of “doing well by doing good,” and it was this experience that drove her to create her own company in a similar vein.

Teng, for her part, spent her high school and undergraduate years working at the Stanford University Department of Clinical Research, studying such topics as non-melanoma skin cancers, eczema and a rare genetic disease called epidermolysis bullosa. To date, she holds six publications in medical journals, with another one pending review.

“Working in clinical research for so long taught me a ton of things about how to think through drug development, how to run a clinical trial and patient pain points,” says Teng. She grew frustrated seeing the lack of access many people had to quality medical care, and also by an egregious lack of diversity in the trials. “My entire time there, we didn’t enroll a single Black participant in any of our trials, which you would think would be really important, especially for dermatology-related clinical trials,” she says.

A fortuitous meeting through a mutual friend brought them together, and in 2019 they began to build what would become Topicals. From launch, Topicals has also incorporated a charitable component into its business, donating 1% of profits to mental health

She’s Building Pathways To Power For Black Trans Women

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After my years of activism in Atlanta, I moved to Oakland, where I worked at the Transgender Law Center. In San Francisco, Aria is an important and influential figure for trans activism, sex worker rights, and has been holding it down for Black trans folk for years. She co-founded Compton Transgender District, the world’s first transgender cultural district. It made sense that we would get connected, and she’s become one of my dearest friends. I believe in her vision of creating spaces of opportunity and empowerment for our people.

When I moved to Oakland, she remembered hearing my name a couple of times and was like, “Who is this girl?” We met and became friends over time, and now we’re in such important places in our career as peers in the Black trans movement. What’s beautiful is that both of us are living in a time where Black trans women are moving into our power in new ways, building upon the foundation laid by our ancestors.

Aria has created several initiatives, she has served in the mayor’s office of San Francisco, and she founded a collective called Kween Culture — which is about building up the cultural power of Black Trans women through different types of programming. I admire her for that. For Black women, beauty isn’t just how we look, but it’s how we navigate the world, how we show up for other Black women and our people, and how we build pathways to power that can last throughout eternity. 

Gallery: Here’s

Strategic Muscle Building For A Calvin Klein Model – Workout Routine

It comes to no surprise that there is a growing movement away from the bodybuilding mentality. Many people would much rather have slim and fit bodies that resemble famous movie actors and models over massive bodybuilders. The desire to have a “GQ” look will not only help them look good in a suit, but on the beach as well. Over sized gym rats simply can’t do that. So what is it about the models of Calvin Klein that seem to personify the “Hollywood Look?” What does a Calvin Klein models workout routine consist of that most programs don’t?

Strategic Muscle Building To Create The Desired Look

Take a moment and evaluate the features of a Calvin Klein model. They have a decent amount of muscle mass but with very low body fat levels. Their muscles also look like they are constantly in a flexed state which is commonly known as muscle density. I guarantee that 95% of gym goers work out and harder and longer than they do, but don’t even come close to a visually stunning physique. Is it from good genetics? Do they have an exceptional trainer? What if they actually have a strategic muscle building program that will sculpt the proper physique? They need to look chiseled at any moment for a photo shoot, so what do they do different than everyone else?

It Is Not A Crime To Skip Out On The “Big 3”

The “Big 3” comes from the foundational exercises that are pumped out of the big bodybuilder magazines and forums. They consist of squats, dead lifts, and bench press. They do a great job of adding mass but will ruin the look of a model. Calvin Klein models have a very slim and toned physique. Having excess mass in the hips, thighs, midsection, and butt will not allow them to model fashionable clothes. Their legs are ripped but they also carry a slim waist. This can be done by skipping squats and dead lift. Tough cardio will sculpt a much leaner lower body without the bulk. Don’t worry you are not committing a “bodybuilding” crime by skipping out on your legs.

Upper Body Muscle Mass To Polish Off The Look

Most of their muscle mass is in the upper body but with a few exceptions. Calvin Klein models focus on the upper and inner chest muscles because it will sculpt a square and angular chest. This is why I would suggest dropping the traditional bench press and incorporate inclines only. The reasoning behind this is that the lower pecs tend to grow larger and faster than the upper portion. Paying too much attention on lower chest workouts can cause the muscles to sag which can resemble that of women’s breasts. Calvin Klein models also have arms that have a decent amount of size with wide, ripped shoulders. Wide shoulders with a tapered waist, creates a “V” in the upper body that every model needs. It is also important to notice that these models …

Model Building a House – A Challenging Hobby

Design and build a structure which represents the home you were born in, or a home located in your favorite city, town, country setting, or a beach cottage. Or build a fantasy, futuristic, or your dream house. I challenge you to be a model builder as a new hobby or professional challenge.

This type of model building is known as architectural model building.

The value of model making a structure is to present a visual and tactile scenario of a structure. Architects build models of structures to help clients see the final product before real construction begins.

Yes, there are computer programs which help to visualize the house, but it is different when you build a physical model originating from knowledge, creativity, imagination, knowledge and skilled hands.

Model Building Materials and Tools

The least expensive method is to use poster board and craft paper. Poster board is flexible, but as it is pieced together with paste or glue the structure will strengthen. Craft paper with designs of shingles, brick, stone, wood strips, and other textures is a short cut to add realistic texture in, on, and around the structure.

A pair of scissors, craft knife or scalpel, a metal ruler, paste or glue, cutting mat, and pencil and paint will be the minimum tools required. If you wish, you may want to invest in an architectural scale to help calculate model scale and dimensions should you decide to habitually construct models.

Building Steps

  1. House plan
  2. Floor
  3. Walls
  4. Roof
  5. Finishing touches

House Floor Plan

Make a copy of the actual house floor plans. Decide on the scale. For example, one inch may represent one foot. The scale has much to do with the size of the finished product and display area.

After the scale has been determined, draw or trace the plans, label, and then section cut. Accurately cut one measured piece at a time and place into position directly on the floor plan to avoid errors and to guarantee that the building will stand true and strong. The floor plan will produce the house as the end product or place the floor plan on a platform which will allow for landscaping display.

Interior and Exterior Decor

Using the floor plan and a picture or a photo of the finished house will assist you in choosing printed designs of wood, tile, or carpet to place on the floor as you move from room to room.

The walls which have windows may be represented with cellophane paper, a window pattern, curtains, or a window sill with flowers. Craft paper with brick, stone, wood, or siding for the exterior walls can be adhered with paste to the poster board cutouts as you assemble the pieces. Most supplies can be found at an arts and crafts store or a hobbyist model shop.

Flooring and Roof

Additional flooring will be needed if the house is a two-story building. The house may or may not have a basement or an attic. This is the importance of …

Model Ship Building Makes a Great Hobby

Even though life can get hectic, it's important to take time for yourself to unwind and relax. If you're not one to sit in front of the TV every night after work, but would like something to actually DO with your free time that does not involve running to the mall, or to the nearest sports bar, may I suggest you look into model ship building? As a hobby, this is a craft that can be not only fun, but rewarding when you take pleasure in the end result. To view something beautiful that you have built with your own hands is a reward unlike any other.

All you need is the desire to learn, the patience to be creative and sometimes methodical, and the ability to follow detailed instructions. It may seem more involved than it really is, but if you can see past the learning curve with that patience and the desire to see the outcome, you will be handsomely rewarded. Anyone can learn to do it!

Within the realm of model ships, there are ample styles to choose from. There are the favorite sailing ships and pirate ships, military ships, modern day ocean liners and ancient viking ships. There are basic models for the beginner and those that are more involved and challenging. You can guess where you would want to start.

While there are many different types of models you can build, typically, models over the past decades have been made of wood. Wood captures the real feel of ancient boats and give off an extremely elegant and pleasing display. Plastic models just can't replicate the same feel as a wood model. Aside from wood and plastic, there are also models available that are made of metal, which may be the telltale sign of a military ship. Some models come already painted, while other kits provide the necessities for you to embark on your own paint job. With a little research, you can find pretty much anything you may be looking for to get started in and develop your new hobby.

If you are going in the way of a kit, which many people do, you will find there is a wide degree of skill levels catered to. This is especially great for those who have kids who would like to partake in the fun, or those who just feel they'd like to start out easy. Oftentimes the easiest kits to start with use plastic components and come already painted. Some kits snap together instead of requiring glue. As you develop your skills, you can move into the more challenging kits for wood or metal boats. These will contain detailed instructions, intricate plans and several pieces that must be painted as well as glued. If you start simple and work your way up, a kit like this is not as daunting as it may initially sound.

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Model Building As A Hobby

Building models is an interesting hobby for anyone. Any object may be replicated and downsized into miniatures. These models may be made or assembled with original designs and materials or factory manufactured kits.

Men and boys enjoy building vehicles, robots, and architectural buildings. Women and girls enjoy building with clay, paper products, and assembling a variety of commercial kits.

Childhood memories inspire our favorite pastimes to become our future hobbies or interests. These memories give us pleasure or reward us with relaxation, therapy, or an income opportunity.

Building models offer:

  1. An outlet for our arts and crafts talents and skills
  2. Challenges our creativity and imagination
  3. Freedom to explore and research
  4. Education
  5. Relaxation
  6. Recreation
  7. Therapy
  8. Building miniatures of our dreams and hopes
  9. Reward our abilities
  10. Pride in our accomplishments

Models are made with wood, plastics, metal, clay, paper products, foam, and other articles which become a part of or support a project.


  1. Balsa wood for building airplanes
  2. Melted plastic solutions poured into rubber molds
  3. Metals can be cut and welded or melted into molds
  4. Clay and paper mache are used for molding figurines, animals, plants and flowers, and décor items
  5. Paper products and foam may be cut and glued to create buildings and other objects

The object which you are duplicating may be made with one or several types of materials from assorted resources.


A decision has been made to build a doll house. The house can be constructed with wood, cardboard, or pasteboard. The interior of the house may require clay, plastics, metal, and other materials to create furniture, people, carpet, flooring, and other décor.

People who have an interest in building models are both artisans and craftsmen with creative and imaginative abilities. They also possess various trade skills with excellent eye and hand coordination.

Types of Models:

  1. Animals
  2. Accessories which support the main project
  3. Commercial buildings and industrial building communities – residential and business
  4. Entertainment characters from books, comics, movies, and television
  5. Flora and landscaping
  6. Houses
  7. Machinery and mechanical devices
  8. Natural wonders – volcanoes, mountains, canyons
  9. People
  10. Robots and other toys
  11. Vehicles – cars, trucks, boats, ships, rockets, space ships, military vehicles

As you can see from the above list, there is an endless list of model building projects. You have the choice of designing and creating an original duplicate from materials at hand, experimenting with plastics and metals, or assembling ready-made articles.

Model Construction:

The media which is being used will determine the order of construction, materials, and tools. These three-dimensional buildings, characters, or animals all require starting with their foundation, proceeding with their accessories, and finalizing the details

Essential skills:

  1. Knowledge and familiarity with the craft
  2. Research
  3. Creativity and imagination
  4. Patience
  5. Time
  6. Detail oriented
  7. Photos and drawings of projects
  8. Engineering abilities
  9. Knowing how to work required tools
  10. Finishing applications

If you have never participated in this hobby, start with a simple project. This is a fun and exciting hobby experience.

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