To rebuild middle class, give women and people of color opportunities

If words are used too often, they start to lose their meaning. Try saying the phrase “deep discount” to yourself sixty times in a minute, for example, and it turns into a disjointed collection of consonants and syllables with no connection to any existing concept or experience. The technical term for this psychological experience is “semantic satiation,” and it was recently described in the sitcom Ted Lasso as the moment when “words become a sound.” 

One phrase that American politicians have nearly pushed to the point of semantic satiation is “the middle class.”

It’s a phrase with a specific economic meaning, and it seems simple enough to define: divide the economy into thirds based on income, and the center third that’s neither at the top or the bottom is the middle class.

But when politicians make their exhortations to the great American middle class, they’re typically trying to appeal to everyone — from minimum-wage workers in the service economy to McMansion-dwelling suburban families in the top 10%.

Most recently, the huge tax cuts for the wealthy and corporations that Donald Trump and Speaker Paul Ryan pushed through in 2017 was wrongly pitched as a “middle class tax cut.” And all that elasticity applied to the term has done its work: Surveys have shown that nine out of ten Americans consider themselves to be middle class, which is of course mathematically impossible. 

In the latest episode of Pitchfork Economics, I interview New York Times tax and economics reporter Jim Tankersley about his new book “The Riches of This Land: The Untold True Story of America’s Middle Class.” It was important to immediately hammer down a definition of the middle class, so semantic satiation didn’t creep into the conversation.

Tankersley agrees that the middle class has been broadly defined to encompass “literally everyone” in the United States at one time or another.

For the purposes of his book, Tankersley says he uses “an economic security definition” to describe the middle class, by which he means “whether you can afford some basic tenets of what I think Americans have long come to believe are the things you need to be secure economically: To own a home, to have a car in the driveway, to send your kids to school, to retire safely and securely, and to have healthcare.”

“The Riches of This Land” explores the birth of the American middle class after World War II and the forces that have caused it to stagnate over the last few decades. But too many people use nostalgia for the middle class of the 1950s as a subtext for racist, sexist policies — for many Trump voters, “Make America Great Again,” for instance, almost certainly calls back to a whiter, more unequal time.

“When I was a kid growing up in the 80s and 90s, you heard all these stories about the great middle class,” Tankersley said. “It was very sepia-toned, and I think there’s a real danger of falling into that trap of just comparing

Asia-Pacific & Middle East Mobile Phone Accessories Markets 2020-2027

The “Asia-Pacific & Middle East Mobile Phone Accessories Market by Distribution Channel: Country Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2020-2027” report has been added to’s offering.

The Asia-Pacific & Middle East mobile phone accessories market was valued at 117.8 billion in 2019, and is projected to reach $154.8 billion by 2027, registering a CAGR of 3.6% from 2020 to 2027.

Rapid technological development of mobile phones in the twenty-first century has led to its adoption as a utility used for day-to-day tasks such as alarm, task reminders, remote controlling appliances, and others. The entertainment and media exploring functionalities such as large touch screens, speakers, easy control volume buttons, voice control intelligence, and other applications. As a result, smartphones have found replacement of laptops, cameras, wrist watches, and other electronics up to a considerable level.

Rise in demand for wireless accessories drives the growth of the mobile phone accessories market. This increase in demand is due to change in customer preferences to listen to music on portable devices, such as smartphones and tablets. Music is easily accessible through music streaming platforms, which include YouTube and SoundCloud.

The demand for mobile phone accessories has increased due to an upsurge in disposable income and rise in the popularity of social networking sites in urban areas. In addition, an increase in internet penetration also boosts the online retailing platform.

Factors such as rise in demand for smart wireless accessories, emerging advancements in gaming accessories, and technological advancements in OTGs and wireless attachments drive the market growth in the region. However, an increase in penetration of counterfeit products and trade war between nations hamper the market to a certain extent. Furthermore, strong distribution network and technological advancements in imaging and photographic accessories are expected to offer lucrative opportunities to the market growth.

Key Benefits for Stakeholders

  • This study includes the analytical depiction of the Asia-Pacific & Middle East mobile phone accessories market forecast along with the current trends and future estimations to determine the imminent investment pockets.

  • The report presents information regarding the key drivers, restraints, and opportunities in the Asia-Pacific & Middle East mobile phone accessories market.

  • The Asia-Pacific & Middle East mobile phone accessories market trend is quantitatively analyzed from 2019 to 2027 to highlight the financial competency of the industry.

  • Porter’s five forces analysis illustrates the potency of the buyers and suppliers in the industry.

Asia-Pacific & Middle East Mobile Phone Accessories Market Key Segments

By Distribution Channel

By Country

  • Australia/New Zealand

  • Indonesia

  • Japan

  • South Korea

  • Malaysia

  • Philippines

  • Singapore

  • Taiwan/Hong Kong/ Macao

  • Thailand

  • Vietnam

  • Middle East

  • Rest of Asia-Pacific

Key Market Players

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Fashion History – Clothing of the Middle Ages in Western Europe

The Middle Ages encompasses the time from the Fall of the Roman Empire in 400 CE until the beginning of the Renaissance, around 1500 CE.

Clothing of the Early Middle Ages, or Dark Ages, was basically a tunic and under tunic, both sewn from a cross shaped piece of fabric that was folded and hand stitched. Later, the tunic was cut in two pieces, then four piece for a better fit.

Peasants and serfs made their clothes at home of wool and hemp. The shearing, and cleaning of the wool; the spinning, and weaving was a long drawn out chore before the invention of the spinning wheel and the horizontal loom. But the garment were durable and long lasting. One garment could last a life time.

While the upper classes and aristocracy wore basically the same type of clothing, their under tunics were made of linen which was made for them by workers. Upper class women sewed tunics at home and some were made by professional tailors.

Due to the loss of trade that followed the end of the Roman Empire, trade was minimal, so the importation of fine fabrics was expensive and rare. But finer weaves, borders, and embellishments made for better clothing for the elite.

After the invention of the horizontal loom and spinning wheel, the manufacture of clothing became easier. These technological improvements made finer clothing more available and affordable. The Crusades introduced silk, damask, and other luxurious fabrics and designs into Europe. And when Marco Polo's adventures heralded a new interest in the Far East, trade increased, creating greater availability of textiles, design ideas, and new patterned fabric to Europe.

Clothing worn by the nobility and merchants began to change, introducing the concept of fashion. While the Church dictated certain aspects of dress for modesty, such as veils for women, alterations in the in the types of fabrics used varied the styles that became popular. Women wore veils made of sheer muslin, interwoven with golden threads. Gowns became more ornate with variations in the neckline, sleeves, and hem lengths.

The establishment of guilds and improvements in the manufacture of clothing created an upwardly mobile middle class able to emulate the clothing styles of the upper class. New styles emerged including the elaborate head dresses of the later Middle Ages. The head dresses that looked like horns were wildly popular for a generation, as was the classic fairy tale princess style of hat called a hennin. A hennin was a tall, conical hat worn with a veil, a style much identified with the Middle Ages.

The later Middle Ages saw women's gowns grow trains, and sleeves elongated so that long flaps reached the ground.

The changing of style and middle class interest in emulating the clothing styles of the elite created what we think of today as fashion.

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The Middle Age Women of Today

Up until this point, life has probably been about taking caring of and making everyone else happy. You have been putting everything into making your marriage successful, and you have poured your energies into making a happy home for your children.

At some point, you've put your career on hold for the benefit of others, and you have had to make decisions that you did serve your happiness. It is part and parcel of your existence, and that's just the way it is for many women.

There's no better time than now to take control of life and start doing more for yourself than now.

Doing More for Yourself

You're at midlife, enthusiastic, flourishing, and ready to tackle life. It's time to kiss guilt goodbye, and embrace what you love. It's time to do something new, whether you want to learn a new language, how to play the piano, or you have always wanted to learn how to dance the waltz.

Your midyears are the perfect time to step outside your comfort zone and throw yourself into something new.

It's time to embrace your confidence!

There's nothing sexier than the confidence that life experience brings. While aging might sound scary, living in fear will hold you back from living a full life. So, keep moving forward, learn every day, and listen to your heart.

Don't be afraid to be bold, present, brave, and fearless.

"Once you become fearless life becomes limitless."

Hobbies Make the Woman

Whether your interests are in arts, sports, in the home, on the water, or in the gym, you should feel free to dive in headfirst. You can take up a hobby that allows you to socialize with others, or to enjoy time on your own. They can be as cheap or as expensive as you want them to be, and they will help shape your lifestyle, and connect you with likeminded people, and energize you.

When it comes to hobbies for women in midlife, there is no limit. From book clubs, painting, gardening, golfing, and sewing to swimming, dancing, or jazzercise, playing an instrument, and calligraphy, whatever your point of interest, there is a hobby that will bring out the best in you and give you new meaning .

Finding a hobby that you love and that provides you with social engagement is vital to your mental health and overall happiness, especially if you don't get to experience a lot of socializing with your family and friends.

Letting Go of What Matters Less

Saying Goodbye to Judgements

Remember when you were young and you would get dressed thinking about what others may think of your outfit? Versus now, when chances are you aren't too worried about what other people think of how you are dressed or what you are wearing, you're concerned much more with whether you like it or how you feel in it. This is so liberating, a new mindset where you dress and how you look aims to satisfy you and promotes …