Buying a Ford Model T

Developed by Henry Ford the Model T entered production in 1908 and 2008 marks the 100th anniversary of the first mass-produced car to be made on a production line. Ford aimed to develop a car affordable to the masses and through this goal the Model T changed the world and turned America into an industrial economy and mobile society. Buying a Ford Model T in 1908 cost half the price of its rivals and would help drive the change from horse to automobile. The Model T was produced until 1927 by which time more than 15 million models had been sold.

The Car

Early Ford Model T’s had no doors, the windscreen was braced with leather straps and the styling was typically formal and upright as is usual with cars of this era. There were changes made, the 1915 model for example has a single passenger side door but the driver’s side was covered by the spare wheel where the door would be. Also the back seat is set over the rear axle, allowing for plenty of leg room but no allowance made for carrying luggage.

What will your Money buy you

With a some sixteen million made there are plenty to choose from when Buying a Ford Model T. Prices today depend on the condition of the car and you can expect to pay around $5000 for a project car and over $10,000 for a car in good running order. Specialist companies can supply most if not all parts that maybe required for any restoration or small service that maybe required. In 1910 a Model T cost £220 and by 1919 the price had reduced to £170.

It’s important to remember that you’re buying a car with very little in the way of accessories with four wheels, a steering wheel, an engine, basic electrics and weather protection. Hard to believe however that leather seats and wood trim came as standard. In 1915 if you were lucky enough to have a car the basic equipment the Ford Model T came with was a luxury!

Driving Experience

If you’re planning on buying a Ford Model T then forget everything you’ve learned about driving. The controls look standard with three pedals, a handbrake and the steering column has two stalks. Despite the apparently normal set up, about the only thing that is vaguely normal is the brake pedal on the right. The other two pedals control the two-speed and reverse transmission. The middle pedal selects reverse gear while the left pedal – in conjunction with the handbrake-like lever – selects neutral, low or high gear. The left hand stalk on the steering column is the throttle with no return spring and the right-hand control manages the ignition timing. The hand lever has three positions: fully back the transmission is in neutral and the rear wheel brakes are on. In the middle position the brakes are off and the transmission is in neutral. The forward position gives a choice of low or high …

How to Use the LET GO Model to Achieve Forgiveness

You can master the art of forgiveness over time and through practice, by implementing the LET GO Forgiveness Model. You will learn how to move through its five stages, from feeling victimized and disempowered, to being fully connected with your inner purpose and free to create happiness and experience joy.

There is not a definite time frame in accomplishing the steps of LET GO. It depends on how profound your loss is, how willing you are to forgive, how motivated you are to move on, and how ready you are to give up destructive behaviors. Completing this process may take weeks, months or even years. But once you choose to follow the steps of LET GO and achieve forgiveness, you will enjoy the rewards of a fresh beginning with a lighter heart and strengthened hope.

The five steps of the LET GO Forgiveness Model are:

1. Lament the harmful events.

2. Emote safely.

3. Tell your real losses.

4. Get clear about your needs.

5. Open yourself to fulfillment-appropriate actions.

1. Lament the Harmful Events. Focus more on what was done to you than who did it. Speak about the harmful events that took place and name the physical, material, emotional and spiritual harms they caused for you.

2. Emote Safely. This phase may be challenging, because you must allow yourself to experience all the pain-related emotions caused by the harmful experience, as they arise. Make sure you do this with safety. In other words, give yourself space and time to emote, and surround yourself with people you trust. Avoid further harm by not making yourself vulnerable to people who do not care. Be gentle with painful emotions. When they are intense, rest and sleep well. Do not strain yourself when you are in emotional pain. Respect your need to emote and make this phase of LET GO as safe as possible.

3. Tell your Real Losses. Once you have allowed yourself to emote safely, it is time to tell your real losses. These are the current financial and physical damages caused by pain-driven actions, which are within your control to recover. In this step, you must answer two questions:

a. How is my pain affecting my current relationship with my finances?

b. How is my pain affecting my attitude toward my physical health?

Now, name your current pain-driven behaviors and how they damage your financial and physical health.

4. Get Clear about Your Needs. In this step, you are called to identify what needs you must fulfill in order to recover your emotional and spiritual losses caused by the harmful experience. Such losses may be your innocence, trust, enthusiasm, love, hope, power, sense of control, faith in justice, sense of security, etc.

Answer the following question as concisely as you can by identifying the emotional and spiritual losses you suffered and expressing them as needs that you must fulfill:

What spiritual or emotional loss did this harmful experience cause in me that I need to give back to myself?…

Book Review – RESOLVE: A New Model Of Therapy by Richard Bolstad

Copyright: 2002

Publisher: Crown House Publishing

Richard Bolstad’s book RESOLVE: A New Model of Therapy is excellent on several levels and is highly recommended for anyone interested in advancing the science of Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) or the use of NLP is psychotherapeutic practice. It is extensively referenced, citing research, other NLP developer’s ideas, and non-NLP models of change. This is not a book focused on NLP “pyrotechnics” (his term), rather it is integrative and practical. Bolstad makes connections between NLP and other models of psychotherapy. He presents a perspective on the utility of NLP as an explanatory model, as NLP concepts are useful for explaining what therapist from many orientations do. His RESOLVE model is essentially a well articulated synthesis of the use of the NLP in the context of an NLP informed psychotherapy model.

The book provides a historical perspective on NLP and psychotherapy. Bolstad makes the point that NLP’s roots and assumptions have connections with other forms of psychotherapy. He devotes a chapter providing a clear, science based, linkage between NLP and how the brain functions. Bolstad discusses several aspects of the model (representational systems, submodalities, emotional states, etc.) and relates these to what has been learned in recent years about neurological functioning. For instance, his discussion of the state-dependent qualities of neural encoding and the implications of this for intervention was fascinating.

Bolstad makes the point that research into NLP is still needed to make it more useful for psychotherapists. He notes that since the earliest NLP writings this need has been recognized, “but it was 20 years before the field of NLP itself began to respond effectively to this need.” He goes on to describe several studies published over the last ten years that examined the use of NLP in psychotherapy that found positive results. But research supporting that NLP is successful “in a general sense” has not been enough to draw a great deal of attention to it among psychotherapists. He also notes that few attempts to link NLP techniques and those used in other models of psychotherapy have been made since NLP’s inception, with a notable exception being Practical Magic: A Translation of Basic Neuro-Linguistic Programming into Clinical Psychotherapy by Stephen Lankton, published in 1980. Bolstad notes that it has been more than 20 years since Lankton’s book and “both NLP and psychotherapy have evolved.” Clearly Bolstad feels that more attention to the use of NLP in psychotherapy is warranted. A major accomplishment of this book is to systematically address how NLP fits into psychotherapy as it is practiced today. Among other things, he advocates the incorporation of NLP interventions into the context of the therapist preferred modality to speed the achievement of many specific results.

In my estimation one of the critical points Bolstad makes relates to what type of information constitutes data supporting the validity of NLP as a change technology. While advocating more clinical research, he also contends that “Because much of NLP is a metadiscipline (a way of …

5 Factors Worth Consideration While Choosing Your Ideal First Model Trains

There are several factors that you should consider when constructing a model railway layout. These include model trains scales, price, power, and tracks among others. However, the main factor worth consideration, if you want to get your train up and running in no time is the model trains scales. This is the ideal way to begin the construction of your new train set.

The term scale refers to the real measurement of the model in comparison to its prototype. The reason why these trains' scales are so important is that they actually determine the size of your train set as well as its overall cost. The scale is usually confused with the gauge. This should not be the case as the term gauge simply means the distance separating the two tracks.

If you are a newcomer, choosing the ideal model trains scales used in your model layout can be such a daunting task. It may just be the hardest decision that you are yet to make. To land the ideal scale that you will use in your model, you need to consider the following factors.

1. The type and popularity of the model trains scales

There are over 45 varying model trains scales that you can choose from. So, it is only logical that I let you know about the common ones and the cases in which they are most suitably used. These include:

The G-Scale

The G-Scale is the most common large scale used for trains that are still considered as models rather than miniature trains. It is also commonly preferred for garden railway layouts because it is durable and offers great detail.

Scale: 1:22

Gauge: 45mm

The 0-Scale

The 0-Scale focuses more on the detail rather than the operation. The popularity is as a result of being used in several children toys as a result of its durability and large size. The large size tends to make the layout smaller than the train, but this is no big deal to first-time hobbyists. Most of this type of model trains scales feature three-rail standard racks and run on AC current. An advantage of using the scale is that it has quite a good variety of accessories. This makes the process of model railway building more fun and enjoyable.

Scale: 1:43

Gauge: 32mm

The H-Scale

Also known as 00-Scale in Britain, the H-Scale is the most popular scale used by beginners. This type of model train scales has several run sets. The scale is quite large that it can accommodate custom detailed scenery, but that will require a relatively large area for the layout. It can also be used on a reasonable platform size. This scale is ideal for those looking to use a huge variety of supplies and accessories.

Scale: 1:87

Gauge: 15.5mm

The N-Scale

This type of model train scales should also be checked out. The scale allows you to make reasonably sized layouts and still have adequate scenery space. A disadvantage of the scale is that it …

What To Expect From Your Teen Model Agency

If you're thinking about breaking into the teen modeling industry, you have two choices; go it alone, or take the smart move and get yourself down to a reputable teen model agency. While some people manage OK without the support of an agency, they are few and far between. This is a highly competitive and saturated market and the advice provided by a teen model agency can make all the difference, offering you valuable business guidance as well as a professional helping hand.

So you want to find a good teen model agency, but there are so many to choose from – how do you know which is the right one for you? Look for reputation and experience – by selecting one that has been around for a few years, you've got the reassurance that they're still in business for a good reason. An established agency is much more likely to have good contacts and people with bona fide experience of working in the industry. It's also well worth checking out any agency who offers additional modeling services.

Teen Model Agency Services

Finding a good teen model agency that can offer you a taster shoot, a professional teen modeling portfolio and a modeling assessment, as well as the usual advice, gives you lots of advantages. By attending an agency assessment, you'll hear first hand from the professionals whether or not you're suitable for the industry; this is possibly more important than you realise, because even though your friends and family may have been telling you you'd make an model, they have no direct experience and they may be a little bit biased!

A teen model agency assessment will usually comprise of the following elements; hair, makeup and fashion consultation; posing advice, shoot and digital retouching, and honest, upfront advice and guidance – your teen agency will also offer you the option to have a portfolio created. If the sound of your agency retouching your images worries you, rest assured that it's totally fine – professional modeling pictures are digitally cleaned up as standard in the industry and purely determined the reality of what happens after a real photo shoot.

Modeling Hints and Tips

During this process, the team at the agency will be taking down your vital statistics (measurements), watching how you react and respond to the experience, and seeing how different looks suit you during your modeling shoot. This will enable them to advise you on what types of modeling work might be best for you and also offer any hints and tips that they think would benefit you. If you receive good feedback from them and you decide that you want to try your hand at modeling for real, you can go ahead and let them help you to create your teen portfolio.

Once you've started the ball rolling with your agency and you've got your fabulous portfolio ready, be sure to continue to work with them to help boost your new career. Your teen model agency should …

Bullyland Europasaurus Dinosaur Model Reviewed

Bullyland Prehistoric World Europasaurus Dinosaur Model

It is not often a dinosaur gets named after an entire continent but there are three instances that spring to mind. Firstly, there is Antarctosaurus (although its fossils have not been found in Antarctica), secondly, there is Australovenator, whose fossils do come from Australia and now we have Europasaurus, a long-necked dinosaur from Germany.

Fossils from Lower Saxony

A Dutch amateur fossil collector exploring a limestone quarry in Lower Saxony came across the fossilised remains of approximately a dozen dinosaurs in 1998. It was thought that all the dinosaurs represented babies, as the bodies ranged in size from under two meters long to a fraction over six meters in length. These were herbivorous Sauropods, a group of prehistoric animals that includes the mighty Brachiosaurus, classification and Apatosaurus, yet since these fossilized skeletons were so small it was thought this must be the fossilised remains of a crèche of youngsters. Only when a researcher from the University of Bonn, who was conducting research into how quickly baby Sauropods grew, examined the skeletons was it discovered that the fossils of the larger individuals represented adult animals. A new genus of Late Jurassic Sauropod was established and Europasaurus holgeri came into being. This dinosaur was officially named and described in 2006.

A Miniature Sauropod Dinosaur

The fossils of Europasaurus were found in marine deposits. It seems this small member of the Dinosauria, one of the smallest members of the Sauropoda assigned to date, was a dwarf form. Land cut off from the mainland of Europe formed an island chain about 154 million years ago, the islands continued to shrink as the sea level rose and populations of dinosaurs marooned on these shrinking landmasses had to adapt to environments with fewer resources. Over many generations, the huge, long-necked Sauropods that were the ancestors of Europasaurus evolved into miniature versions. Being smaller these dinosaurs needed less food to sustain them, a good thing when on an island with limited food resources.

The Europasaurus Dinosaur Model

The replica represents the known fossil material well. It shows the longer forelimbs compared to the hind-limbs, so typical of a Brachiosaurid Sauropod. The model has been nicely painted with a light tan color on the flanks with darker stripes and spots – excellent camouflage for a forested environment. The dinosaur model measures around twenty-five centimetres in length so it works well to the scale of other, larger figures representing much larger Sauropod dinosaurs.

Domed Skull of a Brachiosaur

The model makers have been careful to depict their dinosaur model with a domed skull, just like other Brachiosaur replicas made by Bullyland of Germany and it is great to see a German dinosaur being made by a German company.

"Europe's Lizard"

As for being named after a continent, Europasaurus means "Europe's Lizard", a reference to the European fauna known to have existed at the end of the Jurassic geological period. The species name honors the Dutch fossil collector who first found the fossils of …

Latest SUV Model: The 2014 Land Rover Range Rover Sport

Most car models come with all-new features that are introduced based from their own predecessor's characteristics. For the case of 2014 Land Rover Range Rover Sport, it is being released with even more strength and is distinctive among the other two models Evoque and Range Rover. It may share some common DNA with those, but what make it stand out are the unique parts it does have, giving a big impact on the look and the feel of it.

The 2014 Range Rover Sport is a luxury for the new era of sports SUV enthusiasts. It is being said to be established as a desirable and sustainable powerhouse British brand. When compared to its previous model, it is known to have more aerodynamic at eight percent and having an achievable Cd 0.34 drag figure. The luxury of it is so obvious with its progressive and bold design of the exteriors. That's not yet even talking about the interiors and engine powers.

Giving a bold highlight on the model's DNA, the key elements it does have are the horizontal feature lines of the body, the wheel arch graphic that's so powerful and the rocker molds which are designed to be unique. And not to forget, it comes along with the clamshell bonnet showing the brand's signature. The new model that is being introduced to us for 2014 is a lot lighter, more comfortable and fun to drive along than the rest of the older models.

Let's take a closer look at the features:

Eight-speed automatic all-wheel drive
New engine platform and styling
340 horsepower supercharged engines from V-8 to V6
New aluminum unibody
7 seating capacity
Lighter weight
Less fuel consumption
LED front and rear lamps

Most customers come for different design options, and they can expect to see various interior themes with 11 varied colors. They could as well decide for a seat color they want. There are 4 options of interior aluminum finishes and 3 options for the real wood veneers. Customers can pick any of the 3 choices of headliner colors. What's nice about this model is that it gives one the chance of not having too many other people owning the same color of the same model, and that's because there are 19 exterior color paint options with 3 different exterior accent varieties. The roof can be any of the Santorini Black, Corris Gray or Indus Silver.

Shifting back to its performance rather than just the look and feel, these Range Rover Sport cars are very easy to operate and intuitive. Its acceleration allows it to traverse the toughest terrain or lets you enjoy the simplicity of the smoothest roads. And more to that, let's not fail to mention that its off-road capabilities are excellent due to the fact that it can even go and wade through around 33 inches of water. Isn't that amazing?

While the back seats at the third row are designed for limited use, families who go for a long road trip bring …

Tips For Buying a Model Steam Engine Kit

Model Steam Engine kits are on the list of toys and collectables. In these toys, water is heated up in the boiler for producing steam to move the engine. In the market, you can buy different types of model steam engine kits, such as model trains as well as the stationary ones. Let's know more about these systems.

Stationary Engines

Some collectors are into stationary engines that comprise small engines. Mostly, they are used for educational purposes. Moreover, they are available in various materials like steel or wood. However, brass is the most commonly used for making the boiler. The reason is that brass is cost-effective and can work well in lower temperature and pressure of the little stationary engines.

For bigger models, steel is another popular choice. Some stationary engines have LED lights that show the production of the steam power. Other models are called low temperature models and offer added safety.

Pre-Milled Kits

When buying a stationary model steam engine kit, you should first find out if it is machined or pre-milled kit. In a pre-milled kit, the parts are already threaded, drilled, milled and turned. This means that the user can complete the kits with different tools, such as files, spanners and screwdrivers. These kits are popular and don't require you to be at a workshop to complete the kit.

Locomotives

As far as the popular goes, scale model locomotives are on top of the list. These models look quite similar to the original steam powered trains. Moreover, they are available in a lot of sizes, such as small models or large garden railways. Users can ride on these locomotives.

Scale

The sale of a locomotive defines the main features of a model steam engine kit. Therefore, it's important to consider its scale since the available space will determine the right size for the track and the engine. Given below are some of the most commonly used options:

Scale:

It's also known as O gauge, which is the smallest scale as far as locomotives powered by steam are concerned. They emphasize fine details. Therefore, collectors and hobbyists like them a lot.

However, O scale is not commonly available unlike other scales. Since this scale is not popular for operation and running of the engine, it's not so popular.

OO scale:

In the UK, OO scale is also very popular. These model steam engine kits are cost-effective and durable. Therefore, they are an ideal choice for those wanting to use their locomotives on a regular basis. Moreover, this scale does not focus on realistic appearance and scales.

G scale:

Lastly, G scale is another great choice as far as model train scales are concerned. Since these are big and durable, people use them outside, especially in garden railways. Since they are produced on a large scale, you can find tons of G scale engines on the market in the here and now.

In short, if you have been looking for a model steam engine kit, we suggest that …

A Simplified Staffing Business Model

In much the same way Amazon and eBay have helped many get their start in starting, developing and running an e-commerce business, this same help is now available in starting a staffing business.

There are now well over two million third-party sellers on Amazon. The infrastructure that is on Amazon and eBay is plug_ and_ play for all who try and claim their stake on these selling platforms.

With this in mind, the traditional route for those seeking an opportunity to start their own staffing business included the need for a large capital infusion, a payroll system, access to high-cost worker's compensation insurance and many other costs that were prohibitive for most to enter the industry.

For many who do have the resources to enter the staffing industry, they often turn to high-cost franchise staffing companies who enjoy a large slice of earnings for the lifetime of the business. This relationship can grow strained over time and at some point the operator may feel they are contributing more to the franchise than the franchise is contributing to the operator. When this occurs, the separation from the business can grow messy and can even end in litigation.

The simplicity of both Amazon and eBay and their policies are a big draw for many who are looking to sell products online. There are no long-term agreements or costs that can easily cripple a new business. Being able to be flexible in a new venture is always a great asset and both these platforms allow for it.

This flexibility platform is now available in the world of staffing and has over 150 firms using this unique business model to grow impressive sized businesses with many reaching over a million in first-year billing. With over half a billion under management in less than 10 years in operation, one can see this is becoming a great alternative to going it alone or entering into a long-term agreement with a franchise.

What you get on the platform:

  • Worker's compensation insurance with no liability to the operator.
  • An unlimited funding source for all payroll and client billing.
  • A complete back-office for all management and personnel needs.
  • Access to professionals with over 40 years of staffing experience.

With all the boxes checked, this platform can be summed up as the Amazon or eBay of the staffing industry. If mitigation of risk is high on your list for starting a sustainable, prosperous business there are few options that can match what is now available.

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Kano Model & Critical-To-Quality Tree

Developed in the 80’s by Professor Noriaki Kano, the Kano model is based on the concepts of customer quality and provides a simple ranking scheme which distinguishes between essential and differentiating attributes. The model is a powerful way of visualizing product characteristics and stimulating debate within the design team. Kano also produced a rigorous methodology for mapping consumer responses into the model.

Product characteristics can be classified as:

Threshold / Basic attributes

– Attributes which must be present in order for the product to be successful, and can be viewed as a ‘price of entry’. However, the customer will remain neutral towards the product even with improved execution of these threshold and basic attributes.

One dimensional attributes (Performance / Linear)

– These characteristics are directly correlated to customer satisfaction. Increased functionality or quality of execution will result in increased customer satisfaction. Conversely, decreased functionality results in greater dissatisfaction. Product price is often related to these attributes.

Attractive attributes (Exciters / Delighters)

– Customers receive great satisfaction from a feature and are willing to pay a price premium. However, satisfaction will not decrease (below neutral) if the product lacks the feature. These features are often unexpected by customers and can be difficult to establish as needs during initial design. They are sometimes called unknown or latent needs.

Next, we organize customer needs into a Critical-To-Quality tree

The purpose of Critical-To-Quality trees is to convert customer needs/wants to measurable requirements for the business to implement.

For example: A retail merchant was receiving a significant number of complaints regarding their homeowner warranty policies from their customers. By analyzing customer survey data and developing the CTQ tree, the business was able to identify critical-to-satisfaction requirements. These requirements became the focus for improving customer satisfaction. The business eliminated mandatory warranty visits and made all warranty visits optional. Eliminating mandatory visits satisfied the customers who thought there were too many visits and adding an extra optional visit satisfied customers who thought there were too few visits. Expanding the time frame for scheduling warranty visits from two weeks to three months eliminated the inconvenience for customers who had busy schedules and found the time frame difficult to manage.

The business took a general, difficult-to-measure need (to improve homeowner warranty satisfaction) and developed specific, measurable, and actionable requirements to drive improvements in customer satisfaction.

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