What Is Your Style Of Loving?

A style of loving is a manner in which one portrays himself based upon a set of beliefs developed over time. Their actions correspond with their style of loving and many times, without conscious understanding. John Lee (1974) proposed a theory that described six different styles of loving that characterize intimate relationships. My take on these styles of loving are: Romantic, Game-Playing, Possessive, Compassionate, Altruistic, and Pragmatic. The following article explains each style and how people with those styles tend to act.

1) People with a Romantic Love Style (Eros) tend to place their emphasis on physical beauty as they search for the ideal mate. Romantic, erotic lovers delight in the visual beauty and tactile and sensual pleasures provided by their lover’s body, and they tend to be very affectionate and openly communicative with their partners.

2) People with Game-Playing Love Style (Ludus) like to play the field and acquire many sexual “conquests” with little or no commitment. Love is for fun, the act of seduction is to be enjoyed and relationships are to remain casual.

3) People with a Possessive Love Style (Mania) are inclined to seek obsessive love relationships that are often characterized by turmoil and jealousy. These people live on a rollercoaster style of love in which each display of affection from the lover brings ecstasy and the mildest form of rejection produces painful agitation.

4) People with a Companionate Love Style (Storge) (STOR-gay) are slow to develop affection and commitment but tend to experience relationships that endure. This style is love without fervor or turmoil, a peaceful and quiet kind of relating that usually begins as friendship and develops over time into affection and love.

5) People with an Altruistic Love Style (Agape) are characterized by selflessness and a caring compassionate desire to give to another without expectation or reciprocity. Such love is patient and never demanding or jealous.

6) People with a Pragmatic Love Style (Pragma) are inclined to select lovers based on rational, practical criteria (such as shared interests) that are likely to lead to mutual satisfaction. These individuals approach love in a business like fashion, trying to get the best “romantic deal” by seeking partners with social, educational, religious and interest patterns that are compatible with their own.

So what happens then when two people who are in a relationship have very different styles of loving? According to Lee, he suggests that relationships fail to thrive over time because “too many people are speaking different languages when they speak of love” (Lee 1974, pg. 44). Even though two people in a relationship say that they want the same thing, their hard work is often thrown to the wolves when they try to merge incompatible love styles. In contrast, satisfaction and successful loving relationships depend on the ability to find a partner who “shares the same approach to loving and the same definition of love” (Lee 1974 pg. 44). This isn’t to say that opposites don’t attract, as contrived as that sounds, and …

Egyptian Pottery – Ageless Beauty

Ancient Egypt is a place of wild beauty and great fascination to many people today. Once, a hotbed of intrigue, commerce, and industry there is much about Egypt that remains dark and mysterious even in the modern world in which we currently live. One thing is certain however, the ancient Egyptians were artisans in their own right and one type of art in which they excelled was pottery. The pottery of ancient Egypt is often imitated today for many reasons.

Scholars have come to some sort of consensus of belief that the ancient Egyptians may have been the first to use enamel in pottery-a practice that adds great beauty and value to the pottery pieces, making them a true work of art. The amazing thing is that this is something that was introduced, we believe, nearly four thousand years ago and is still valued in today's modern society.

To illustrate just how important pottery was to the ancient Egyptians there are actually pieces of pottery that are included in the ancient hieroglyphics that depicted acts of day to day living in this ancient civilization. Pottery was included in more than a few of these glimpses into history establishing its importance and the commonality of its use.

Pottery in ancient Egypt was almost always made for use rather than made for decoration. Even the smaller pieces were meant to hold perfumes with the larger pieces of pottery holding grains, water, wine, and even meat for later use or consumption. The pottery of ancient Egypt could also be found in many sizes to accommodate the different needs the pottery filled. It was common to find various pieces ranging in sizes from inches tall to three or four feet in height. Pottery was as common to the Egyptians of old as appliances are today and it did serve to make life go much more smoothly for the people who used it.

In ancient Egypt pottery was also used for some of the most sacred rites of burial. Pottery pieces were used to hold certain organs after they were removed from the body during the embalming process to prepare the body for burial. Each of the following: heart and lungs, liver, small intestines, and the stomach were placed in four separate containers made of pottery and buried along with the body. It should be noted that the Egyptians are not the only civilization to use pottery in relation to the dead. The ancient Greeks also stored the ashes of their dead in ceramic containers.

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Tenth Wedding Anniversary Gift: Looking Forward to Another Decade

The tenth wedding anniversary is a milestone in the lives of a married couple. It is a special occasion when the couples get the opportunity to celebrate the wonderful time they have shared together through the past decade.

Exchanging presents is a significant part of this celebration. Over the past ten years, you must have offered your spouse with varieties of different gifts. However, on the occasion of your tenth anniversary, you can think of some romantic anniversary ideas to make the occasion even more extraordinary.

Aluminum is the traditional gift for the tenth wedding anniversary, and diamond jewelry as the modern alternative, the traditional flower is daffodils and the customary gems are Diamond, Black Onyx or Blue Sapphire.

There are many options that you can go for when it comes to selecting a tenth anniversary gift for your spouse. Having already spent ten years together, deciding a gift for your partner would not be complicated.

Aluminum

The traditional gift for the tenth wedding anniversary is aluminum, which signifies durability and one of the excellent 10th anniversary gifts is an aluminum bicycle.

Cycling is an effective cardiovascular workout you can do. A good exercise habit is an essential aspect of maintaining a healthy lifestyle. In the world today, there is an alarming increasing rate of people suffering from hypertension and heart diseases and diabetes.

Cycling can be a healthy way to stay in shape and avoid significant health problems. It can also be amazing to go out and look at the trees, other nice sceneries, buildings and people.

Other aluminum gift ideas are aluminum camera tripod, an aluminum sculpture, book ends, aluminum kitchenware or a turkey fryer and many others.

Diamond

The modern or contemporary gift for the tenth wedding anniversary is diamond. Diamonds for presents are romantic anniversary ideas or in any occasion for that matter. The most famous diamond quote is probably "Diamonds are every woman's best friend".

Jewelry

Diamond rings and necklaces are probably the most popular gifts for both men and women, particularly on the latter. Pendants, earrings and pins are popular too. It also comes in different colors such as yellow, blue, pink and champagne.

Daffodils

The flower symbol for the tenth wedding anniversary is daffodils, symbolizing companionship. You have certainly enjoyed each other's company for the last decade, and one of the romantic anniversary ideas you can give your wife is daffodils flowers.

It is one of the most well-liked flowers due to their unparalleled beauty. An excellent idea to celebrate you double digit anniversary is to offer a potted daffodil flower in a beautiful vase with a candle light dinner in your dining room.

Other daffodil gift ideas are daffodil printed tote bags, wedding bouquet stamp, printed shirts, a daffodil etched mug or a daffodil ipod skin.

Romantic anniversary ideas

Trip

Take your spouse to unforgettable trip to10 different locations that have significant meanings to your lives as 10th anniversary gifts he or she will forever treasure. These places could be a restaurant …

Guide To Buying Gemstone Jewelry

Gemstone jewelry not only accessorizes your fashion choice, it also allows you to show off to your friends as the gemstone ring, earring or any other piece of gemstone you will be wearing is of high quality. For you to buy the right unit you need to consider a number of factors such as:

Color of gemstone

According to professionals, the color of the jewelry you choose determines 50-70% of the unit’s value. Gemstone jewelry comes in different colors and it’s up to you to choose the one that is ideal for you. For you to choose the right color jewelry you need to consider three main factors: Hue, tone and saturation.

Hue: It’s the basic color of the gemstone. When making the purchase, go for units that exhibit a pure color. If the jewelry has to have other colors, they should be minimal.

Tone: The tone represents the depth of a gemstone color. It can be light or dark. Professionals put the tone in different categories that include: light, medium light, medium, medium dark and dark.

There are some unscrupulous sellers that might try to sell you other items posing them as gemstone. If you are keen you can tell a real gemstone by simply looking at it. A real gemstone shouldn’t be too dark or too light. The unit should have a bright, rich look. To tell the real color of the jewelry you should look at it at different lights.

Clarity of the jewelry

Clarity describes the presence or absence of flaws inside or outside the gemstone. While it’s rare to get a flawless gemstone, you shouldn’t settle for one that is of poor clarity. While jewelry with a poor clarity is cheap, it’s not of much value to you as it will give you a poor, cheap look.

To tell the clarity of the unit that you are buying you should examine it from the top. If there isn’t a flaw, the flaw won’t show up in the face up position; therefore, it won’t affect the value and beauty of your unit. If you aren’t experienced at picking flaws, take the jewelry to a professional who will examine it under a microscope.

Cut of gemstone

A properly cut gemstone jewelry is beautiful to look at as it reflects light across its surface when you hold it up. If the unit has a cut that is too deep and narrow the surface area will be dark. If the cut is too shallow and wide, the jewelry will have parts of it washed out and lifeless. When making the purchase go for a unit with an ideal cut and desired shape. The jewelry that you go for should be symmetrical in all dimensions so that it appears balanced.

Conclusion

These are the few factors that you should consider when buying gemstone jewelry. To buy a real, high quality unit buy it from a reputable gemstone store.

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The Pearl Necklace – A Timeless Beauty

It has been said that of all the pieces of jewelry in the world, a pearl necklace is the only thing that a woman should not be without. And that's no wonder, for a pearl necklace is the embodiment of classic sophistication and timeless elegance. It goes with a variety of outfits, from casual day wear to formal evening attire. And depending on the type of pearl and color, there are various pearl necklace styles suitable for the very young, those enjoying their golden years, and almost everyone else in the middle.

The price of a pearl necklace depends on the quality of its pearls. Saltwater pearls are generally more expensive than freshwater ones, which are cultured. The sheen and the thickness of the pearls' nacre also affect the price, as well as the size and roundness of the pearls themselves. Pearl necklaces of various colors are available on the market. Smaller pearls in light hues of blue or pink are usually more suitable for young children, while the creamier, ivory-toned pearls are preferred by older women. Jewelry pieces made from black pearls are very, very expensive, since these pearls are so rare.

According to Chinese folklore, pearls are the tears of a dragon. In Roman mythology, they are the tears of Venus. Jewelry designers, in their tireless efforts to do justice to the legendary beauty of these gems, have been adding their own twists to the pearl necklace. Aside from the classic strand, the pearls used in necklaces are sometimes set in gold, silver or platinum. Some designers also mix pearls with other gems to create a unique effect. Extra ornaments, such as charms or a brooch, can also be attached to a pearl necklace to give it a personalized flair.

Caring for a pearl necklace does not involve a lot of fuss. The most advisable thing to do is to wear it often, because if it's stored away for long periods of time, it will dry up and lose its sheen. The body's natural oils will keep the pearls looking lustrous and fresh. It's also important to avoid having the pearls come in contact with substances such as hair spray or body lotion, since these can also adversely affect the pearls' condition.

The popularity of the pearl necklace has never waned both among ordinary people and society's elite. The quintessential fashion plate, Jackie Kennedy, had a passion for pearls; so does actress Maria Berenson. Other celebrities often photographed wearing pearl necklaces are Michelle Pfeiffer, Sophia Loren, Jennifer Lopez and Paris Hilton. The versatility of pearls is such that fashion experts are even predicting an increase in the number of men who will start wearing pearl-accented dress accessories. For now, however, there is very little to surpass the elegance of the sight of a pearl necklace gracing the neckline of a woman, whether she's a celebrity or not.

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What Makes the Mediterranean Sea Such a Symbol of Natural Beauty?

No other body of water evokes images of beauty and romanticism than the Mediterranean Sea. The reason why it has become one of the most popular seas in the world map is that the Aegean civilization flourished around this sea. From being a center of commerce of merchants trading from Phoenicia, it has become an important trading link for routes to the East. During the Second World War, the sea also played a big role to the United States and the Soviet Union prior to its dissolution.

Getting to Know the Mediterranean Sea

One of the most common mistakes that people make is thinking that the sea is actually a separate body of water. The truth is that it is technically part of the Atlantic Ocean, covering an approximate area of 2.5 million square kilometers.

It is almost completely enclosed by land, and only a small 14-kilometer opening between Spain and Africa called the Strait of Gibraltar exists. On the eastern shores, this sea is connected to the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea. All in all, there are eleven countries spanning the sea – starting from Croatia to Italy and Turkey. The largest island in the region is Sicily, which also serves as an autonomous region in Italy.

A Glimpse at the Beauty of the Mediterranean Sea

Now that you already have an idea about the basic information regarding the Mediterranean Sea, what exactly is it about this body of water which makes it such a symbol of beauty? Perhaps the best way to describe the picturesque quality of this body of water is to have a glimpse at the gorgeous islands which make it up.

As mentioned earlier, Sicily is the largest island in the Mediterranean. A major part of Italy is bordered by the sea, like Sardinia Island in addition to Sicily. So when you visit one of the beaches in gorgeous Sicily, you are actually witnessing the natural beauty of the sea of Mediterranean.

Part of the charm of Sicily is Syracuse, a 2700-year old city. It’s the birthplace of Archimedes and a luscious city where you can have an unobstructed view of the sea along with an ancient amphitheatre and traces of Greece’s ancient culture. Mt. Etna, an active volcano which is considered to be the highest in Europe, is another part of the view which is interspersed with that of the Mediterranean Sea.

There’s also the Iles d’Hyeres in France which is located off the main coast of France, south of St. Tropez. In Spain, you will see the Balearic Islands of Mallorca, Minorca and Ibiza which are great cruising areas amid the Mediterranean Sea. Another Italian island which serves as the perfect background for the beauty of the Mediterranean Sea is Sardinia with its mortises and cliffs.

The Dalmatian Islands in Croatia, Cyclades in Greece and Turkey are the other stunning islands within the region which all beautifully set off the symbol of beauty that is the turquoise waters of the Mediterranean …

Makeup Addicts, Are You Missing This Essential Step in Your Beauty Routine?

If you’re like me you’re a regular in the makeup aisle. Perusing the shelves, sampling the latest in lipstick formulas, eyeliners, and foundations in search of a flawless finish. Some of us fell in love with makeup while making a mess at our mother’s vanities and ladies, some of us never grew out of it.

Don’t worry, you’re not alone!

But being the makeup junkies we are the process of taking it off is just as important if not more than the process of putting it on. An impeccable beat starts with a perfect base which can only be the result of skin that has been properly prepped by removing dirt, oils, and residue every day.

That is why a great makeup remover is KEY!

As someone who loves a full face of glam, I learned the hard way that all makeup removers are not created equal. I used makeup remover wipes every night before cleansing and would ignore the smear of foundation that would be on my towel after drying off, not thinking that if there was makeup there then there was still makeup left over on my face as well, seeping into my pores and leaving room for bacteria to grow.

Luckily there are tons of methods for makeup removal aside from remover wipes including cleansing balms, oils, gels, dissolving sprays even makeup removal sticks.

So after a stint of breakouts, I decided to upgrade my approach and went with a recommendation from a trusty Ulta employee. Sister to the cult-classic Lancôme’s Bi-Facil Double-Action Eye Makeup Remover, the Lancôme Bi-Facil Face Bi-Phased Micellar Water Face Makeup Remover & Cleanser has totally changed my skincare and makeup game.

I know, it’s a mouthful, but this baby is seriously powerful! The oil dissolves any makeup on the skin, then the micellar water cleanses and removes excess residue before you even rinse with your cleanser, which means no more leftover makeup on your towels.

Hallelujah!

Don’t get me wrong, I still keep makeup remover wipes by my bedside or in my purse for those nights I’m too tired to do my whole routine. My favorites are the Sephora Collection Green Tea Cleansing & Exfoliating Wipes for the skin, which are soothing, meant to be mattifying and great for acne-prone skin. I also love the Too Faced Mascara Melt Off Cleansing Oil for eye makeup, which works for regular or waterproof mascara!

In the end, it doesn’t matter which method you choose, find the best products that fit in with your lifestyle, just make sure you have one that removes all leftover residue, trust me, it’s game changing!

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Be A Clean, Green Shopping Machine

For many years, people relied on buying products that were sourced locally to their town or country. This began to change with the opening of trade routes, first by merchant ships and flourished with the rise of internet usage as more people could access almost any item for sale from around the world.

Many countries now outsource goods and services to other countries due to cheaper employment and raw material costs than in their home land. Today there is much more of a global market as items are exported across the world. This has allowed savvy internet shoppers to find unusual items and have them shipped directly to their home and often for much cheaper items than they might pay locally. In other ways it has been detrimental, with some local businesses closing and a significant portion of manufacturing being outsourced to an external country.

As a shopper, you might like to think of your purchases as a vote for what you consider appropriate behavior from the store you are buying from. If you think it's reprehensible to test on animals, then you would choose to buy from a store that has ethical animal practices in place. If more people feel like you do and stop buying these types of products, the industry will listen and your 'vote' will help create a greener, cleaner, friendlier shopping environment – as you can see from the number of green and organic products beginning to surface today – a good sign consumers are moving in a positive direction!

After you've set your own moral compass for shopping you should consider adding supporting local business onto your list of requirements. If local businesses flourish, so will the local economy. Yes, buying local can cost a few extra dollars in some cases, but often the extra investment can purchase a product that's made out of higher quality materials that will last a lot longer than their cheaper counterpart.

You may also want to consider supporting local when it comes to fruit and vegetable shopping. This will mean only buying seasonal fruit when it's actually in season. Also, think of the cost and environmental impact of importing consumables like fruit and vegetables. If you're buying off a local farmer, your goods have used less fuel to reach you and will often be much fresher.

Another green shopping method is buying items that are handmade. They can be more labor-intensive than mass-produced imports, but this often means they will be better quality, lasting you longer and lengthening the time before replacement is needed. This effectively reduces the cost in the long run anyway. For example, a crafts-person spends time honing their skills to make a handmade product. The process starts from ground zero and is completed with patience and practice. Only the best materials are used and a learned trades-person has the know-how from years of experience, to create a long-wearing work of art.

Finally, try to source natural and organic products where you can. Shop for …

Recycled Fine Silver – Is Your Jewelry Green?

The green movement is good. People are finally making an effort to live their lives in a cleaner, better way. From the smallest things like changing over to compact fluorescent bulbs to chucking the gas guzzler in favor of a hybrid, people are doing their part. And businesses are starting to jump on the wagon. Our world will be a better place for everyone because of this movement.

Of course, jewelry has always done its part to add a little beauty to our everyday lives. But it isn't often that a jewelry making material can actually make a difference in our world. There is an exciting new way to make fine silver jewelry. Pure – as good as it gets. And it is environmentally friendly.

Photographic film is manufactured with silver compounds. During photo processing, a substantial amount is recovered for recycling. Some of it is made into a new material called metal clay. There are two brands available – Art Clay and Precious Metal Clay or PMC, made by Mitsubishi Materials Corporation. A 22K gold clay is also available.

Finely powdered pure silver particles recovered from the photo developing process are mixed into a binder, forming a clay like material. This "clay" is quite heavy, and feels cool in the hand, similar to metal. It can be worked like any clay; it can be sculpted or used to build hollow forms; After it dries, it can be filed, cut or drilled before firing. It is truly an art jewelry designers dream material.

Once a piece is made from the clay and air dried, it is fired in a kiln – a furnace that reaches well over 1000 degrees Fahrenheit. The binder holding the metal particles burns, and the particles pull together in a process called sintering. The particles fuse, and when the object cools it is solid metal.

After it is cooled, jewelry made with PMC can be set with gemstones, it can be joined with other parts by soldering, it can be enameled – anything that can be done to any other precious metal object can be done with metal clay jewelry.

Jewelry artisans have embraced PMC as a wonderful new medium that allows individual expression. PMC pieces have been winning awards and competitions. The designs are as varied as the artists that create them. One day, you'll see a piece and say "That is gorgeous …" and find it was made from PMC. Its a great way to use all that recycled silver – it makes our world a cleaner and more beautiful place to live.

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Confessions of a Beauty Queen

Many people think that “Beauty Queens” are just brainless girls with pretty faces who happen to look good in a swimsuit. I want to tell you that this rumor is not true. Admittedly, some pageants exist in which the only thing that counts is your looks. But it takes a lot more than good looks and a nice body to take home the crowns in the more reputable pageants. I competed in the Miss America set of pageants, and I will tell you, it was tough.  First of all, the Miss America organization gives out over a million dollars annually in SCHOLARSHIPS. This means that they give money to deserving women that is applied toward their pursuit of higher education. They do not simply write checks to pretty girls and tell them they can go buy clothes, shoes, make-up, or other fleeting frivolities. Second, there are several areas of competition in which contestants are scored.

One of these categories is the interview which, in the Miss America Pageant, comprises 40% of your total score. In my experience, these are tough interviews during which you are grilled about several topics ranging from current events and political issues, to personal history and opinion. You have to be able to think on your feet, be very aware of the world around you and present your opinions in a way which is both poised and charming. Another heavily weighted portion of the competition is the talent category. Successful Miss America contestants have typically spent countless hours training in their particular area of performance. You cannot just decide one day “Hey, I am pretty, I think that I will try for Miss America”. If you are not already well rehearsed in a skill that you could use to compete for talent then you may have missed the boat. Now, let us not forget the swimsuit competition.

Though opinions on this topic vary, the fact is that pageant contestants have to wear a swim suit on stage. You may think it is degrading and demeaning but you still have to admit that this demonstrates their superior physical fitness. Such fitness is a feat that is getting more and more difficult to accomplish in a country in which obesity is occurring in epidemic proportions. Finally, one of the most prevalent fears amongst Americans is that of public speaking. It is tough to get on that stage, present yourself as a package to a set of judges and hope they like you, not to mention the hundreds of onlookers. Many people in this world could not do that. I think it is time that we stop degrading these women and labeling them as “brainless beauty queens” and start recognizing them for the talented and accomplished individuals that they are.

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